Termikus folyamattechnika

Salt-Bath Furnaces for Heat Treatment of Steel or Light Metals Electrically Heated or Gas-Fired

Salt-bath furnace TSB 30/30, gas-fired Salt-bath furnace TS 30/30, electrically heated

Salt-bath furnace TS 30/18 with preheating chamber above the salt bath and charging aid for immersion of the charge

Salt-bath furnace TS 90/80 with a salt bath thermocouple for heat treatment of steel

Salt-bath furnace TS 30/18 with two salt bath thermocouples for heat treatment of aluminum

Salt-bath furnaces have an excellent temperature uniformity and ensure very good heat transfer to the work piece. Generally, heat treatment can be carried out with shorter dwell times than in chamber furnaces. Since the charge is heat treated with the exclusion of oxygen, scale and discoloration on the surface of the parts are kept to a minimum. The salt-bath furnaces TS 20/15 - TSB 90/80 can be used for heat treatment of metals in neutral and active salt baths. They are used for processes such as nitriding according to Tenifer up to 600 °C, carburization to 950 °C or bright annealing to 1000 °C.

The crucible is inserted so that it is suspended in the salt-bath furnace and can be replaced easily if necessary. Two crucible types are available:

  • Type P: low carbon steel and CrNi plated for carburizing, neutral salt and annealing baths up to 850  °C
  • Type C: high alloy CrNi steel for neutral salt and annealing baths up to 1000  °C and for dip brazing of aluminum

Crucibles are wearing parts because they are exposed to thermal stress during the heating and cooling process and corrosive salt. The following parameters influence wear of the crucible:

  • Working temperature
  • Number of heating and cooling cycles
  • Salt
  • Charge material
  • Charge quantity
  • Contamination of the charge
  • The crucible must be checked regularly for wear and damage. We recommend to order a replacement crucible together with the furnace.

Salt-bath furnaces are available for heat treatment of steel and aluminum: Features for heat treatment of steel:

  • Tmax in salt: 750 °C or 1000 °C
  • Safety technology according to EN 60519-2
  • Melt-bath control: the temperature is measured in the salt as well as inside the furnace behind the crucible
  • Removable collar plate made of steel
  • Insulated swing-away lid
  • Temperature uniformity up to +/- 2 °C according to DIN 17052-1 in the salt bath
  • Over-temperature limiter in the furnace chamber to protect persons and the furnace
  • Crucible can be easily replaced
  • Defined application within the constraints of the operating instructions

Features for heat treatment of aluminum like steel, but

  • Tmax in salt: 550 °C
  • Over-temperature limiter in the furnace chamber and in the salt bath to protect persons and the furnace
  • Optical and acoustic alarm to warn if the critical temperature is exceeded
  • Eurotherm 6100e temperature recorder to document the temperature profile

Salt-bath furnaces can be delivered electrically heated or gas-fired

  • Electrically heated (TS models):
    • Freely radiating, high quality heating elements on ceramic support tubes
    • Crucible heated from four sides
    • If a heating element is defective, the furnace can be heated with the remaining heating elements
  • Gas-fired (TSB models):
    • Burner system with optimized flame management: high level of efficiency with overpressure operation to prevent false air entering
    • Burner technology according to DIN EN 7462, part 2
    • Lateral exhaust gas feed around the crucible
ModelTmaxInner dimensions salt-bath crucibleVolumeOuter dimensions in mmHeatingElectricalWeight
 °C2Ø in mmh in mmin lWDHpower in kW1connection*in kg
TS 20/15750323050020850850800163-phase650
TS 30/18750330050030950950800203-phase700
TS 40/3075034005006010501050800333-phase750
TS 50/48750350060011011501150970583-phase1000
TS 60/63750361080022012501250970703-phase1200
TS 70/7275037001000370135013501370803-phase1500
TS 90/80750390010005001600160014001003-phase1700
           
TS, TSB 20/20100023050020850850800213-phase650
TS, TSB 30/30100030050030950950800333-phase700
TS, TSB 40/4010004005006010501050800443-phase750
TS, TSB 50/60100050060011011501150970663-phase1000
TS, TSB 60/72100061080022012501250970803-phase1200
TS, TSB 70/90100070010003701350135013701003-phase1500
TS, TSB 90/80100090010005001600160014001203-phase1700
1Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher *Please see page 89 for more information about supply voltage 2Salt bath temperature 3Tmax for heat treatment of aluminum 550 °C
 

Salt-Bath Furnaces for Heat Treatment of Steel or Light Metals Electrically Heated or Gas-Fired

Salt-bath furnace TS 40/30 with exhaust gas collection at crucible rim and manual lid Salt-bath furnace TS 40/30 with pneumatic lid opening

Charging basket for salt-bath furnaces

Accessories

  • Exhaust gas collection at crucible rim
    • For the direct extraction of vapors and exhaust gases
    • Flange on the back to connect the customer’s exhaust gas system
    • Only in combination with a lid that is manually placed on top
  • Pneumatic lid opening
    • Pneumatic lateral movement of the swivel lid
    • Manual lowering and raising of the lid with a lever
    • Foot pedal control
    • Not available in combination with exhaust gas collection at crucible rim
  • Charging basket for bulk materials
    • Possible lid closing over the salt bath with inserted charging basket
    • For manual charging of small martempering and salt baths
    • Charging with a crane or charging aid for large martempering and salt baths
  • Process control and documentation via Nabertherm Control Center NCC for monitoring, documentation, and control
Process Examples with Petrofer and Durferrit Salts
TS models up to 750 °C
NitridingNitrogen 420, Nitrogen 460, Nitrogen 500
Annealing and blackeningSFS 240
Hardening, Tempering, Annealing, QuenchingGS 185, GS 230, GS 250, GS 345, GS 405, GS 406, GS 430, GS 520
Preheating, annealing of gold, silver or brassGS 560, HS 545
 
TS models up to 1000 °C
Carbonitriding, carburizingCarbogen VC, Carbogen OK
Annealing, hardening, preheating HS 535, HS 545, HS 535, GS 560, GS 660
CarburizingCarbogen Universal, Carborapid + GS-ZS, Carbomax +GS-ZS, Carbogen 800/800 ST, Carbogen 1000/ 1000 ST, CECONTROL 50H, CECONTROL 80B, CECONTROL 110B, CECONSTANT 80, CECONSTANT 100
Preheating of high-speed steel, annealingGS 540, GS 660, GS 670, GS 750, HS 550, HS 635, HS 760
Preheating, annealing of gold, silver or brassGS 560, HS 545
 
TS models for aluminum
Artificial ageing, solution annealingAS 135, AS 200, AS 225, AVS 220, AVS 250